Reference: CMMC 2.0
Level Introduced: 1
Title: Boundary Protection
Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.
Just as your office or plant has fences and locks for protection from the outside, and uses badges and keycards to keep non-employees out, your company's IT network or system has boundaries that must be protected. Many companies use a web proxy and a firewall.
When an employee uses a company computer to go to a website, a web proxy makes the request on the user's behalf, looks at the web request, and decides if it should let the employee go to the website.
A firewall controls access from the inside and outside, protecting valuable information and resources stored on the company's network. A firewall stops unwanted traffic on the internet from passing through an outside "fence" to the company's networks and information systems.
If your company is large enough, you might want to monitor, control, or protect one part of the company enterprise/network from the other. This can also be done with a firewall. You may want to do this to stop adversaries, hackers, or disgruntled employees from entering your network and causing damage.
You are setting up the new network for your company, and want to keep the company's information and resources safe. You make sure to buy a router-a hardware device that routes data from a local area network (LAN) to another network connection-with a built- in firewall, then configure it to limit access to trustworthy sites. Some of your coworkers complain that they cannot get onto to certain websites. You explain that the new network blocks websites that are known for spreading malware.